Etusivu > Julkaisut > SUST > SUST 243

Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia 243

Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne 243

Borjigin Sechenbaatar

The Chakhar Dialect of Mongol. A Morphological Description

 

CONTENTS

List of Tables

Acknowledgements

Sources of the Data

Notational Conventions

List of Abbreviations

 

INTRODUCTION

The Chakhar Mongols

§1. The Origin of the Chakhar

§2. The History of the Chakhar

§3. The Name of the Chakhar

§4. The Land of the Chakhar

The Chakhar Dialect

§5. General Remarks

§6. Dialectological Position

§7. History of Research

§8. Remarks on Phonology

§9. Remarks on Lexicology

§10. Syntactic Characteristics

§11. Parts of Speech

NOUNS

Nouns as a Part of Speech

§12. General Remarks

§13. Common and Proper Nouns

§14. Countable and Uncountable Nouns

§15. Temporal and Non-Temporal Nouns

The Category of Number

§16. Indefinite Number

§17. Plural Suffixes

§17.1. The Suffixes -uud2, -nuud2 and -(n)uus2

§17.2. The Suffix -duud2

§17.3. The Suffixes -cuud (-cuud) and -cuul (-cuul)

§17.4. The Suffix -nar2

§17.5. The Suffix -d

§17.6. The Suffix -s

§17.7. The Suffix -des

§18. Complex Plural Suffixes

§19. Plural Suffixes in Derivational Use

§20. Repetitive Forms in Plural Function

The Category of Generalization

§21. Functions of Generalization

§22. Constructions of Generalization

§22.1. Repetitive Generalization

§22.2. Lexical Generalization

Case Declension

§23. Case System

§24. Plain Stem and Nasal Stem

§25. Nominative

§26. Genitive

§27. Accusative

§28. Dative

§29. Ablative

§30. Instrumental

§31. Possessive

§32. Directive

§33. Attributive

Possessive and Reflexive Forms

§34. Possessive Forms

§34.1. The Marker =min

§34.2. The Marker =cin

§34.3. The Marker =n

§35. Reflexive Forms

Derivation of Nouns

§36. Formation of Denominal Nouns

§37. Formation of Deverbal Nouns

 

ADJECTIVES

Adjectives as a Part of Speech

§38. General Remarks

§39. Relative and Absolute Adjectives

§40. Pure and Adverbial Adjectives

§41. Attributive and Predicative Adjectives

Augmentatives and Moderatives

§42. General Remarks

§43. Augmentatives

§44. Moderatives

Derivation of Adjectives

§45. Formation of Denominal Adjectives

§46. Formation of Deverbal Adjectives

§47. Other Adjectival Derivatives

 

NUMERALS

Numerals as a Part of Speech

§48. General Remarks

§49. Cardinal Numerals

§50. Ordinal Numerals

§51. Approximative Numerals

§52. Distributive Numerals

§53. Collective Numerals

§54. Multiplicative Numerals

§55. Fractional Numerals

Delimitative and Maximative Forms

§56. General Remarks

§57. Delimitatives

§58. Maximatives

Measure Words

§59. General Remarks

§60. Primary Measure Words

§61. Secondary Measure Words

 

SPATIALS

Spatials as a Part of Speech

§62. Definition of Spatials

§63. Derivative Suffixes of Spatials

§64. Inflexional Markers of Spatials

§65. The Spatial Construction

Nominal Forms of Spatials

§66. Regular Case Forms

§67. Possessive and Reflexive Forms

§68. Moderative Forms

 

PRONOUN

Pronouns as a Part of Speech

§69. General Remarks

§70. Classification of Pronouns

Personal Pronouns

§71. General Remarks

§71.1. Pronouns for the First Person

§71.2. Pronouns for the Second Person

§71.3. Pronouns for the Third Person

§72. Possessive Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

§73. General Remarks

§74. Reference to People and Things

§75. Reference to Characteristics

§76. Reference to Quantity

§77. Reference to Time

§78. Reference to Location and Direction

Interrogative Pronouns

§79. General Remarks

§80. Reference to People and Things

§81. Reference to Characteristics

§82. Reference to Quantity

§83. Reference to Time

§84. Reference to Location and Direction

Other Pronouns

§85. Reflexive Pronouns

§86. Collective Pronouns

§87. Selective Pronouns

§88. Indefinite Pronouns

 

VERBS

Verbs as a Part of Speech

§89. General Remarks

§90. Types of Verbal Morphology

The Category of Voice

§91. General Remarks

§92. Active Voice

§93. Passive Voice

§94. Causative Voice

§95. Reciprocal Voice

§96. Cooperative Voice

§97. Pluritative Voice

Participles

§98. General Remarks

§99. Futuritive Participle

§100. Perfective Participle

§101. Habitive Participle

§102. Imperfective Participle

§103. Potential Participle

§104. Necessitative Participle

§105. General Remarks

§106. Imperfective Converb

§107. Perfective Converb

§108. Modal Converb

§109. Conditional Converb

§110. Concessive Converb

§111. Terminative Converb

§112. Contemporal Converb

§113. Successive Converb

§114. Preconditional Converb

§115. Incidental Converb

§116. Consecutive Converb

§117. Final Converb

§118. Selective Converb

§119. Abtemporal Converb

Indicative Forms

§120. General Remarks

§121. Durative

§122. Terminative

§123. Resultative

§124. Confirmative

§125. Presumptive

Imperative Forms

§126. General Remarks

§127. Voluntative

§128. Plain Imperative

§129. Precautionary

§130. Prohibitive

§131. Permissive

§132. Concessive

§133. Desiderative

The Category of Aspect

§134. General Remarks

§135. Common Aspect

§136. Intensive Aspect

§137. Expective Aspect

§138. Frequentative Aspect

§139. Immediative Aspect

§140. Progressive Aspect

§141. Perfective Aspect

§142. Durative Aspect

§143. Repetitive Aspect

§144. Distributive Aspect

Classification of Verbs

§145. General Remarks

§146. Full Verbs

§147. Pronominal Verbs

§148. The Quotative Verb

§149. Auxiliary Verbs

§149.1. Existential Auxiliaries

§149.2. Other Auxiliaries

§150. Defective Verbs

Derivation of Verbs

§151. Formation of Denominal Verbs
§152. Formation of Deverbal Verbs
§153. Other Verbal Derivatives

 

OTHER PARTS OF SPEECH

Adverbs

§154. General Remarks

§155. Temporal Adverbs

§156. Modal Adverbs

§157. Gradational Adverbs

§158. Descriptive Adverbs

Imitatives

§159. General Remarks

§160. Imitatives for Action

§161. Imitatives for Sound

Modals

§162. General Remarks

§163. Estimative Modals

§164. Convictional Modals

§165. Resolutional Modals

§166. Affirmative Modals

§167. The Conclusive Modal

§168. The Delimitative Modal

§169. The Apprehensional Modal

§170. The Adversative Modal

§171. The Repetitive Modal

Postpositions

§172. General Remarks

§173. Comparative Postpositions

§174. Equative Postpositions

§175. Temporal Postpositions

§176. Spatial Postpositions

§177. Terminative Postpositions

§178. The Final Postposition

§179. Causal Postpositions

§180. Approximative Postpositions

§181. The Progressive Postposition

§182. The Relational Postposition

§183. Collective Postpositions

Particles

§184. General Remarks´

§185. Interrogative Particles

§186. Corrogative Particles

§187. The Copular Particl

§188. Negative Particles

§189. Prohibitive Particles

§190. Emphatic Particles

§191. Modal Particles

Conjunctions

§192. General Remarks

§193. Copulative Conjunctions

§194. Disjunctive Conjunctions

§195. Adversative Conjunctions

§196. Concessive Conjunctions

§197. Conditional Conjunctions

§198. Inclusive Conjunctions

§199. The Causal Conjunction

Interjections

§200. General Remarks

§201. Interjections for Expressing Feelings

§202. Interjections for Attracting Attention

§203. Interjections Directed at Children

§204. Interjections Directed at Animals

References

Grammatical Index


ylös

27.3.2008

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